Much research has been done in the past few decades on the effectiveness of mindfulness and meditation. Listed below are some of the studies that would be applicable to meditation & mindfulness interventions in the corrections and criminal justice field. These studies report:
  • Dramatic decreases of anxiety, depression, hostility
  • Increase in development of effective skills for stress management
  • Increased ability to achieve relaxation
  • Increase in coping effectively with stressful situations (short and long-term)

Mindfulness & Substance Abuse/Addictions

  • Alterman, A. I., Koppenhaver, J. M., Mulholland, E., Ladden, L. J., & Baime, M. J. (2004). Pilot trial of effectiveness of mindfulness meditation for substance abuse patients. Journal of Substance Use, 9(6), 259-268.
  • Amaro, H., Magno-Gatmaytan, C., Meléndez, M., Cortés, D. E., Arevalo, S., & Margolin, A. (2010). Addiction treatment intervention: An uncontrolled prospective pilot study of spiritual self-schema therapy with Latina women. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 117-125.Bowen, S., Chawla, N., Collins, S. E., Witkiewitz, K., Hsu, S., Grow, J., et al. (2009). Mindfulness-Based relapse prevention for substance use disorders: A pilot efficacy trial. Substance Abuse, 30(4), 295-305.
  • Brewer, J. A., Bowen, S., Smith, J. T., Marlatt, G. A., & Potenza, M. N. (2010). Mindfulness-Based treatments for co-occurring depression and substance use disorders: What can we learn from the brain? Addiction.
  • Britton, W. B., Bootzin, R. R., Cousins, J. C., Hasler, B. P., Peck, T., & Shapiro, S. L. (2010). The contribution of mindfulness practice to a multicomponent behavioral sleep intervention following substance abuse treatment in adolescents: A treatment-development study. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 86-97.
  • Breslin,  F. C., Zack, M., & McMain, S. (2002). An  information-processing analysis of mindfulness: Implications for relapse  prevention in the treatment of substance abuse. Clinical Psychology:  Science and Practice, 9(3), 275-299.
  • Chawla, N., Collins, S., Bowen, S., Hsu, S., Grow, J., Douglass, A., et al. (2010). The mindfulness-based relapse prevention adherence and competence scale: Development, interrater reliability, and validity. Psychotherapy Research, 4, 1-10.
  • Garland, E. L., Gaylord, S. A., Boettiger, C. A., & Howard, M. O. (2010). Mindfulness training modifies cognitive, affective, and physiological mechanisms implicated in alcohol dependence: Results of a randomized controlled pilot trial. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 42(2).
  • Klajner,  F., Hartman, L. M., & Sobell, M. B. (1984). Treatment  of substance abuse by relaxation training: A review of its rationale, efficacy  and mechanisms. Addictive Behaviors, 9, 41-55.
  • Marlatt, G. A., Witkiewitz, K., Dillworth, T. M., Bowen, S. W., Parks, G. A., Macpherson, L. M., et al. (2004). Vipassana meditation as a treatment for alcohol and drug use disorders.
  • Liehr, P., Marcus, M. T., Carroll, D., Granmayeh, L. K., Cron, S. G., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2010). Linguistic analysis to assess the effect of a mindfulness intervention on self-change for adults in substance use recovery. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 79-85. Marcus, M. T., Fine, M., Kouzekanani, K., Mindfulness-Based Meditation in a Therapeutic Community, Journal of Substance Use , 5, 305-311, 2001.
  • Marcus, M.T., Fine, M., Moeller, F. G., Khan, M.M., Pitt, K., Liehr, P., Changes in stress levels following mindfulness-based stress reduction in a therapeutic community, Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment, 2: 63-68. 2003.
  • Smout, M. F., Longo, M., Harrison, S., Minniti, R., Wickes, W., & White, J. M. (2010). Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 98-107.
  • Treloar, C., Laybutt, B., & Carruthers, S. (2010). Using mindfulness to develop health education strategies for blood borne virus prevention in injecting drug use. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 11-18.
  • Witkiewitz, K., Marlatt, G. A., & Walker, D. (2005). Mindfulness-Based relapse prevention for alcohol and substance use disorders. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 19(3), 211-228.
  • Witkiewitz, K., Marlatt, G. A., & Walker, D. D. (2006). Mindfulness-Based relapse prevention for alcohol use disorders: The meditative tortoise wins the race. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 19, 221-228.
  • Witkiewitz, K. & Bowen, S. (2010). Depression, craving, and substance use following a randomized trial of mindfulness-based relapse prevention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(3), 362-74.
  • Zgierska, A., Rabago, D., Zuelsdroff, M., et al. (2008). Mindfulness meditation for alcohol relapse prevention: A feasibility pilot study. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 2(3), 165- 173.
  • Zgierska, A. & Marcus, M. T. (2010). Mindfulness-Baseed therapies for substance use disorders: Part 2. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 77-78.

Mindfulness & Aggression

  • Borders, A., Earleywine, M., & Jajodia, A. (2010). Could mindfulness decrease anger, hostility, and aggression by decreasing rumination? Aggressive Behavior, 36(1), 28- 44.
  • Singh, N. N., Wahler, R. G., Adkins, A. D., Myers, R. E., & The Mindfulness Research Group. (2003). Soles of the feet: A mindfulness-based self-control intervention for aggression by an individual with mild mental retardation and mental illness. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 24(3), 158-169.